Assessment of Kindergarten’s Teachers Knowledge About Child's Security and Safety Elements in the Environment of Kindergarten and Evaluation of some Kindergarten Aspects in Alexandria City
The research mainly aims to assess kindergarten’s teachers knowledge about child's security and safety elements in the environment of kindergarten, and evaluation of some kindergarten aspects in Alexandria city. To achieve this aim 20 kindergartens were selected randomly from eastern and central zones of Alexandria, followed by a coincidence sample of 73 teachers. Teacher’s knowledge have been evaluated by using a questionnaire, physical environment of the studied kindergarten were evaluated by a checklist, (8 plant samples and 6 sand samples) were collected from some kindergartens in order to perform quantitative analysis of lead heavy metal.
The research results showed that the knowledge level of (63.0%) of the respondents about security and safety of physical environment surrounding the children inside kindergarten was high, while the majority of respondents (78.1% and 61.6%) got low scores in their knowledge regarding to some aspects related to biological and chemical contamination, and the level was low for (43.8%) of respondents regarding to their knowledge about security and safety of toys and children's playing areas. The general level of knowledge was medium for the majority of respondents (86.3%).Also results indicated that there were positive correlations between some independent variables (years of teachers’ experience, ages of their sons, and their sources of information about security and safety) against their knowledge levels of security and safety elements as a dependent variables. With regard to kindergartens evaluation of security and safety it was found that the majority of kindergartens achieved a medium level of security and safety (95.0% and 65.0%) respectively regarding to the location of the kindergarten and emergency measures, while kindergarten buildings, toys and playing areas achieved high levels of security and safety to (70.0% and 95.0%) of kindergarten, respectively. General level of security and safety for all kindergartens surveyed ranged between high to medium levels (65.0%, 35.0%) respectively.Finally the results of the quantitative analysis of lead heavy metal showed that the average of total lead in plants was 200.87 ± 62.877 ppm, while the average of available lead in sand samples was 0.9504 ± 0.7133 ppm.
Key Words: Child's environment - Safety and security - Kindergarten’s teachers - Biological contamination - Chemical - Games and playing areas.